Economic Tidbits

Corn Price & the Dollar

Corn Prices Since 2000

Corn prices received by Nebraska producers are determined by global supply and demand conditions. A factor which influences both supply and demand is the value of the dollar. Figures 2 and 3 come from The Van Trump Report, distributed daily by Kevin Van Trump.

Figure 2 traces the price of corn since 2000 while Figure 3 traces the value of the dollar over the same period. The red boxes on both figures highlight the period between January 2008 to June 2014, when corn prices were at record highs. Note the inverse relationship between corn prices and the value of the dollar. While corn prices were topping the chart, the value of the dollar was touching the bottom.

Figures 2 and 3 underline the role international trade and global economic conditions play in the economic health of Nebraska producers. Receipts to producers from corn sales rank second in the state behind cattle. Corn exports generally comprise 10-20 percent of U.S. corn production. Clearly the value of the dollar has some say in the price of corn. This is equally true for other major Nebraska commodities like soybeans, where in some years nearly 50 percent of production is exported, and beef, 10-12 percent exported. It’s no coincidence farm income turned south when the value of the dollar started to climb. The value of the dollar has fallen in recent weeks. Perhaps it’s a sign of better times to come for agriculture.

Figure 2. Corn Prices since 2000

Corn Prices Since 2000

Source: The Van Trump Report, by Kevin Van Trump, 7/31/2020

Figure 3. Value of the U.S. Dollar Since 2000

Value of US Dollar Since 2000

Source: The Van Trump Report, by Kevin Van Trump, 7/31/2020

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